At this time, we are directing everyone with information on the whereabouts of Brian Laundrie to the FBI tip line, 1-800-CALLFBI (225-5324).

What Does a Traumatic Brain Injury Diagnosis Do for My Legal Claim

Traumatic brain injury is a concept many of us have become more and more aware of recently as it has become news in amateur and professional sports and among victims of accidents. Professional football, soccer players, and boxers have developed chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) as a result of repeated concussions during competition.

What Is a Traumatic Brain Injury?

A traumatic brain injury occurs when a sudden trauma damages the brain. The damage can result when the head suddenly hits an object or when the head hits an object that may pierce the skull and enter the brain tissue. Traumatic brain injury can also result from violent shaking or other movements of the head, like that which may cause whiplash. The kind of traumatic brain injury familiar to most people is a concussion, and concussions account for the majority of traumatic brain injury cases every year.

Degrees of Traumatic Brain Injury

Initial symptoms of traumatic brain injury can be classified as mild, moderate, or severe, depending on how effects of the injury present right away. Symptoms of a mild traumatic brain injury may include unconsciousness for a few seconds or minutes. Victims may have symptoms such as headache, confusion, lightheadedness, dizziness, blurred vision, tinnitus, fatigue, changes in sleep patterns, and behavioral changes.

A person with a moderate or severe traumatic brain injury will experience these same symptoms but may also have a persisting or increasing headache, nausea or vomiting, seizures, sleep problems, abnormal pupil dilations, slurred speech, loss of coordination or balance, numbness, and increased or increasing confusion and agitation.

Always keep in mind that just because a doctor states your injury is “mild” does not mean that it is not a serious injury. Even so-called mild TBIs can have lasting complications and symptoms.

Emergency Status

Traumatic brain injuries can be—and usually are – emergencies. In the case of more severe injuries, the seriousness of the damage can worsen rapidly if there is no treatment provided. Therefore, every degree of brain injury needs an assessment quickly.

Questions to Consider in Diagnosis

In assessing the extent of the injury in a potential traumatic brain injury case, there are questions that the medical staff should be asking:

  • How did the injury occur?
  • Did the victim lose consciousness?
  • How long was any period of unconsciousness?
  • Are there any other changes in speech, coordination, awareness, or other signs of injury?
  • Where on the head did the injury occur?
  • What are the details about how the injury occurred—a fall, a blow, a vehicle accident?
  • Were there sudden jarring or jolting movements of the body?

Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury

After a head injury, a victim can experience any of several common symptoms, which include:

  • Spinal fluid (a thin, clear liquid) running from the nose or ears
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Dilated or unequal pupils
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Inappropriate emotional responses such as irritability, frustrations, or unusual laughter or crying
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Slow pulse or breathing rate
  • Paralysis or clumsiness; poor coordination
  • Headache
  • Ringing in the ears or loss of hearing
  • Confusion or foggy thinking

Diagnostic Tools

Many tests and tools help diagnose a traumatic brain injury.

Abbreviated Injury Scale

The Abbreviated Injury Scale is a one-use tool that measures the threat of a brain injury to an individual’s life rather than assessing how severe the injury might be. It scores the injury from 1 (minor) to 6 (not survivable).

JFK Coma Recovery Scale—Revised

The JFK Scale assesses individuals who are barely conscious or in a vegetative state. It is especially helpful in measuring a return to consciousness. The Scale measures 23 different auditory, visual, motor, and automatic bodily functions.

Glasgow Coma Scale

One of the tools used in diagnosing traumatic brain injury is the Glasgow Coma Scale. The Scale is a 15-point test which doctors use to assess the initial severity of the damage by testing a person’s ability to follow directions and move their eyes and limbs. The ability to speak is also a factor. Specifically, doctors assign points to eye-opening responses, verbal responses, and motor responses. Each response has a maximum score, respectively, of four, five, and six points. A person scoring eight points or less is in a coma.

GCS points classify the head injury as:

  • Severe Head Injury – GCS score of eight or less
  • Moderate Head Injury – GCS score of nine to 12
  • Mild Head Injury – GCS score of 13 to 15

Imaging Tests

The first test to be performed will likely be a computerized tomography (CT) scan. The scan uses multiple X-rays images to create a detailed image of the brain. A CT scan will show fractures and bleeding in the brain, blood clots, brain bruises, and brain tissue swelling.

A magnetic resonance image (MRI) used radio waves and magnets to create detailed images of the brain. Doctors might use this test when the victim’s condition is stable or shows no improvement. It also is used when the CT scan did not provide sufficient detail.

Galveston Orientation & Amnesia Test (GOAT)

The GOAT measures post-traumatic amnesia. It has ten questions that assess temporal and spatial orientation. A maximum of ten points can be scored for each question, and a score of 78 indicates that the patient is emerging from post-traumatic amnesia. There is a separate version used for children.

Monitoring Intracranial Pressure

Because traumatic brain injury can cause intracranial bleeding, which has harmful effects on the brain, monitoring intracranial pressure following a head injury is critical. Severe bleeding and heightened intracranial pressure can lead to strokes and brain aneurysms, severely increasing the damage from the traumatic brain injury.

Other Diagnostic Tools

Tatiana Boohoff Managing Partner at Boohoff Law
Tatiana Boohoff, Brain Injury Lawyer

Other tests include the Glasgow Outcome Scale and the Glasgow Outcome Scale—Extended. This test examines a patient’s level of disability. The Orientation Log tests for an individual’s orientation to time, place, and circumstance over an extended period to measure amnesia. Finally, the Westmead Post-Traumatic Amnesia Scale is a brief test measuring the length of post-traumatic amnesia in patients who have sustained a brain injury.

As you have seen, the diagnosis of traumatic brain injury is a complex process. Anyone suspecting they suffered any degree of traumatic brain injury should seek medical help promptly.

My Accident Injury Claim—How Much Is It Worth?

If you are considering filing a personal injury claim against a negligent individual who hurt you in an accident, you may wonder how much compensation you can get to cover all your medical expenses and other losses. Broadly speaking, the amount of your compensation would depend on the particular damages or losses you incurred and how much they have impacted your life.

How Much Can I Recover from a Personal Injury Claim?

The dollar amount or value of your damages is the sum of all the losses that resulted from your injuries. In accident injury claims, these typically include physical damage to your person and property, as well as emotional effects of the accident.

When you calculate these damages, you should consider the value or cost of:

  • Medical expenses, which can include doctor’s bills, medications, emergency services, medical treatments, diagnostics tests, etc.
  • Earnings lost because of compromised work performance or missed time at work
  • Inability to work in the future because of your injuries
  • Pain and suffering, including mental anguish, loss of life enjoyment, loss of companionship, permanent disfigurement or disability, and/or mental or emotional problems

The court may likewise award punitive damages to punish the negligent party, depending on the circumstances of your case.

Can I Receive Pain and Suffering Damages?

Pain and suffering damages compensate for physical and/or emotional distress sustained from injuries. These damages compensate injured victims for the negative effects that their injuries had on their quality of life. This means that damages for pain and suffering are very subjective and will vary greatly from one case to another.

For example, if the accident caused permanent damage to your physical appearance, such as extensive scarring, then you have the right to seek pain and suffering damages. Similarly, pain and suffering could include psychological issues that developed because of the accident and injuries, such as depression, mental anguish, or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), among others.

Bear in mind that damages for pain and suffering are different from medical expenses and other related bills. Pain and suffering, also known as general or non-compensatory damages, serve to financially help injured victims manage their mental, physical, and emotional pain. On the other hand, we refer to damages for medical bills and other financial losses as special, compensatory, or monetary damages. These reimburse injured victims for their medical expenses and other bills relevant to their injuries they had to pay out-of-pocket.

Specific Factors That Could Affect Compensation Calculations

The majority of personal injury cases result from motor vehicle accidents and slip and fall accidents. But they can likewise result from medical malpractice, product liability, birth injuries, and dog attacks, among others. For most people, this means negotiating with insurance providers to seek compensation for accident injury claims.

Specific factors could dramatically impact calculations for injury compensation from insurance providers, including:

  • Disproportionate Medical Expenses – Insurance providers will only pay for necessary and reasonable medical bills. It will be up to injured victims to prove that the damages they’re seeking for their medical costs are proportionate to their injuries.
  • Insurance Coverage Limits – When the value of the claim is higher than the at-fault party’s insurance policy limits, the injured victim will need to file a claim against the liable party to make up for the difference.
  • Shared Fault – Insurers are notorious for trying to shift a portion of fault on an injured victim or even try to shift the fault for the accident entirely.
  • Venue – Insurance companies typically prefer settling out of court in areas or locations where juries are more likely to favor injured victims over insurers.

How Insurance Companies Come up With Settlement Amounts

Rarely will insurance companies agree to an injured victim’s initial demand for accident injury compensation. Their insurance claims adjusters will thoroughly review the demand to determine how the claimant came up with the amount and if the evidence presented matches the claim. Next, the adjuster will investigate the accident to determine whether their policyholder is really at fault for the accident and double-check the demand for the legitimacy of the damages the claimant is seeking.

For pain and suffering damages, the claims adjuster will have to compare the demanded amount to what they consider commensurate and appropriate. This means that the adjuster’s evaluation of a claimant’s pain and suffering would always differ from what a claimant is asserting. It will be up to claimants to prove that the pain and suffering damages they are seeking are reasonable and completely supported by proper evidence.

It is also crucial to note that many insurance carriers use computerized calculators, such as the Colossus, to see if they can save money on injury claim compensation. This calculator designates values to damages and utilizes various factors, including average amounts for similar claims in the area and whether the claimant has legal representation to calculate compensation amounts.

However, there are plenty of variables that could unjustly reduce a claimant’s compensation, including errors made by the individual when using the calculator. Likewise, personal injury calculators are just not capable of measuring the depth and severity of a person’s pain and suffering. They also cannot calculate the negative consequences that an injury may have on a person’s life. Additionally, calculators generalize compensation amounts according to statistics, and statistics simply cannot measure real human suffering.

Protecting Your Rights and Accident Injury Claim

To get the most out of your accident injury claim, there is no substitute for fighting for your legal rights. If you are thinking of seeking compensation through a claim, consider contacting an experienced personal injury lawyer to discuss your case.

Being represented by a lawyer before you sit down and negotiate with the liable party’s insurer is best because the insurer will definitely attempt to settle the claim for as low as possible, especially if they know that you don’t have a lawyer.

Never settle for less than what you deserve. Reputable car accident lawyers usually offer free case consultations, so you won’t have to spend anything to learn more about your case.

What Is the Average Settlement for Medical Malpractice?

According to the Medical Malpractice Report by the National Practitioner Data Bank, $348,065 was the average payout for medical malpractice claims in 2018, and plaintiffs received more than $4 billion in malpractice lawsuits collectively. 96.5 percent of the payouts resulted from settlements, while 3.5 percent resulted from court judgments.

The Most Common Complaints in Medical Malpractice Claims

The report also found that medical errors relating to diagnoses consisted of 34.1 percent of medical malpractice actions, which makes it the most common claim. While malpractice related to surgical procedures accounted for 21.4 percent of claims and malpractice associated with improper treatment accounted for 21.1 percent of all claims.

The statistics are consistent with the researchers’ past findings since one study about the medical malpractice lawsuit rates in the U.S. from 1992 to 2014 likewise found that surgical mistakes, treatment-related errors, and misdiagnoses are the top causes of claims.

As for damages, 12.3 percent of claims resulted in quadriplegia, brain damage, and other injuries requiring lifelong care, 18.7 percent resulted from catastrophic permanent injuries, and 29.7 percent resulted in fatalities. Additionally, the average payouts for claims that resulted in death, which is approximately $380,300, weren’t as high as claims resulting in brain damage, which earned payouts of up to $960,000.

How Much Is My Medical Malpractice Claim Worth?

If you believe that you have a valid claim, you are probably wondering about the potential value of your claim.

Lawyers typically categorize damages as:

  • Economic or special damages, which are based on calculable financial losses.
  • Non-economic, general, or pain and suffering damages, which are not clearly calculable or based on bills or expenses.

In some cases, patients may also pursue punitive damages if the doctor’s actions were malicious or intentional or the doctor should’ve known or knew that their actions would cause injury.

To be awarded damages through a malpractice claim, you must prove the actual malpractice that occurred, such that:

  • The doctor’s negligent actions resulted in your damages
  • You cannot resolve the damages resulting from the malpractice by any other means
  • Your injuries didn’t exist before the malpractice incident

Determining Your Special Damages

These include:

  • Lost earnings
  • Medical expenses
  • Loss of earning capacity
  • Other quantifiable financial losses

Your medical expenses include all the bills that you have incurred due to your injuries and can include the cost you would reasonably incur if you require future medical treatment. Future medical bills are usually high in malpractice cases.

Your lost earnings and loss of earning capacity are earnings that you have lost or stand to lose due to the malpractice incident that led to your injuries. This includes employment benefits you lost, such as paid leaves, health insurance, and pension contributions, etc. Calculating your past lost wages is easy because you just add all the earnings and benefits you missed because of your injury.

On the other hand, calculating your future lost earnings and earning capacity will be more difficult. For this reason, your lawyer will need to enlist the help of a financial expert to accurately present these numbers in a way that the jury will understand. For example, let’s say that you were earning $50,000 yearly before the medical malpractice incident. However, you did not recover fully and could presently return to work part-time and only earn $25,000 per year.

This means that your estimated lost earning capacity is $25,000 yearly for the rest of your life, or more accurately, work-life expectancy. Put simply, work-life expectancy is a measurement based on federal statistics of the number of years a worker likely would continue working, depending on that worker’s age, race, and sex, among other factors. This might seem easy to calculate, but it becomes more complicated when you try to calculate what $25,000 yearly could be worth in the future.

Determining Your General Damages

As previously stated, pain and suffering or general damages are not exactly easy to calculate. It’s just not possible for the jury to rely on a chart, for example, to see how much pain and suffering you experienced (or are still experiencing) because of your injuries. This is why judges typically instruct the jury to put themselves in the injured patient’s shoes and utilize their experience, background, and common sense when determining awards for pain and suffering.

Pain and suffering damages include both mental and physical pain and suffering, such as:

  • The pain of your actual physical injuries
  • The pain and suffering you’re experiencing from a permanent injury or disability, disfigurement, or scarring
  • Mental suffering and pain, including emotional distress, mental anguish, anger, fear, humiliation, loss of life enjoyment, and/or sleep disorders, among others
  • Loss of companionship or consortium

Mental pain and suffering can likewise include severe depression, extreme mood swings, aggressive anger, chronic fatigue, eating problems, sleep disturbances, sexual dysfunction, and PTSD.

Never shortchange yourself when it comes to intangible losses, as these are often a significant part of a medical malpractice settlement or award. Discuss all of the effects you felt from your injuries with your lawyer so they can properly present the associated losses to the insurance company.

Seeking Legal Help from a Medical Malpractice Lawyer

A medical malpractice claim will require the legal guidance of an experienced medical malpractice lawyer to prove why and how the malpractice occurred. Remember that the basis of all malpractice claims is whether the doctor deviated from the medical standard of care, and if yes, whether the doctor’s actions resulted in the patient’s injuries.

Likewise, while the doctor’s actions are dependent on the case’s particular circumstances, the primary issue when establishing whether the doctor’s actions were indeed negligent is whether another doctor under the similar or same conditions would’ve done what the doctor did.

Consult with an experienced medical malpractice lawyer to learn more about your case and find out how your settlement might bring you. Never ignore your right to compensation from negligent doctors who caused you injuries.

Are Any Concussions Mild?

When you visit the emergency room following an accident, and the doctor informs you that you have a “mild concussion,” what exactly does that mean? Since it is mild, you don’t have that much to be concerned about, right?

Unfortunately, there are many misconceptions regarding the diagnosis of a “mild” traumatic brain injury (TBI), which doctors also refer to as a concussion. Too many patients hear the word “mild” and grossly underestimate their injuries or the need to seek compensation for their losses from at-fault parties.

Below, learn more about why doctors might refer to an injury with potentially serious and lasting effects as mild, and what you can do to protect your rights.

How Symptoms Present

Depending on the extent and location of brain trauma, these injuries can have widely varying symptoms from patient to patient. When medical professionals initially examine someone with a suspected brain injury, they look at how the symptoms are presenting to determine the specific diagnosis.

For example, a moderate to severe brain injury might result in a long period of unconsciousness, the inability to wake up from sleep, spinal fluid draining from the ears or nose, and seizures or convulsions, among other serious signs. Doctors observe such symptoms and enter a diagnosis of a moderate or severe TBI.

The immediate signs of a mild concussion can seem less concerning (though they should not be), as they are generally not life-threatening, and these might include:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Blurry vision
  • Feeling confused or “out of it”
  • Short blackout period
  • Slurred speech

When doctors see these symptoms, they often diagnose a mild concussion, which can be confusing for patients.

“Mild” Does Not Reflect Your Potential Prognosis

When a medical professional deems your TBI to be “mild,” they are referring to your symptoms when you arrived at the emergency room – not to your overall prognosis. Many people assume that a mild concussion should not result in lasting symptoms and effects, which can be dangerous. Patients might not recognize that what they are feeling actually stems from their injury because they assumed their “mild” injury should clear up relatively quickly. This can be bad from both a medical and legal standpoint.

The reality is that mild concussions can have persistent effects that can impact your life in many ways. Some of these effects might include:

Physical Effects

  • Being overly sensitive to sound or light
  • Chronic headaches
  • Fatigue and lack of energy
  • Vision issues
  • Balance problems and dizziness

Sleep Effects

  • Difficulty falling asleep
  • Sleeping more or less than you usually do

Cognitive Effects

  • Feeling like you have brain fog
  • Trouble with concentration and focus
  • Trouble paying attention
  • Short or long-term memory problems
  • Difficulty following basic directions
  • Decreased comprehension and communication abilities

Emotional Effects

  • Feelings of sadness
  • Irritability
  • Anger management issues
  • Lack of emotional control
  • Behavioral issues

Imagine that you believe that your so-called mild brain injury has healed, but you continue to experience several of the above symptoms. You likely will not realize that these effects stem from your concussion – after all, the doctor said it was mild, so it cleared up quickly, right?

Too many people struggle with symptoms of mild concussions for a long time without realizing what is happening, and this can result in additional problems, including depression, anxiety, frustration, isolation, and more.

Further, many concussion victims fail to tell their doctors about their continuing symptoms, as they might not connect the dots between the symptoms and their injury. This puts them at risk of developing complications and not getting the medical care or treatment plan they truly need.

Post-Concussion Syndrome

Many people with mild concussions will feel better in the days or weeks after their injury, but it is important to keep in mind that this is not the case for everyone.

Research shows that:

  • Almost one-third of mild concussion victims still feel effects of their brain injuries three months later
  • Ten to fifteen percent of victims continue to feel effects one year after the injury

Since these symptoms can be debilitating, they might prevent you from performing your job duties, taking care of your household, or participating in your usual activities for a long time. Always tell your doctor about persistent symptoms, as you might receive a diagnosis of post-concussion syndrome. This can lead to a better treatment plan that addresses the true nature of your “mild” injury.

Your Legal Rights After a Concussion

Because of the persistent and serious effects of some “mild” concussions, many people experience surprisingly significant losses.

These can include losses from:

  • Emergency medical care
  • Follow-up appointments
  • Medications
  • Time away from work
  • Pain and suffering

If someone else caused your accident and concussion, that party should be liable for all of your losses.

There are many causes of concussions that can lead to financial recovery:

  • Car and truck accidents
  • Motorcycle and bicycle accidents
  • Pedestrian accidents
  • Falls
  • Dangerous products
  • Nursing home abuse

Work with a brain injury attorney to determine the proper insurance claims you need to file to seek financial recovery.

Many insurance companies undervalue claims stemming from mild concussions. This is because adjusters see the word “mild” as part of your diagnosis and assume that your losses cannot be significant.

You want to have an experienced brain injury lawyer handling your claim who knows how to present the full value of your losses – both economic and noneconomic – in the most persuasive manner possible to the insurer. An attorney can advise you when you deserve more than the insurance adjuster offered and continue negotiating for the full amount you need to cover your damages.

If the insurance company continues to lowball your settlement offers, a skilled attorney can escalate the matter and file a brain injury lawsuit. They should handle every step of the litigation process, always working to reach a favorable settlement agreement before trial. Should your case go to trial, you want a lawyer who knows how to convince a jury of the major effects of your injury despite the diagnosis stating your concussion was “mild.”

Always take a mild concussion seriously, and never hesitate to raise concerns to your medical team or to protect your legal rights with the help of a brain injury lawyer.

What Happens After Lifting Injuries at Work?

According to the National Safety Council, the top cause of work-related injuries includes bodily reactions and overexertion.

It accounts for approximately 31 percent of all worker injuries and includes:

  • Non-Impact Injuries – These occur due to excessive physical effort a person directs to something, such as lifting, turning, pushing, throwing, carrying, and holding.
  • Repetitive Motion Injuries – These micro-tasks strain or stress body parts because of the tasks’ repetitive nature.

These activities involve manually handling materials and lifting objects at work, which puts all workers at risk for various injuries. Employers should carefully evaluate all manual handling tasks to ensure safety and avoid injuries by considering the worker’s lifting capacity and the load. Employers should likewise provide lifting aids when necessary.

What Is Manual Material Handling?

Manual material handling involves someone manually moving something by holding, lifting, seizing, turning, grasping, and similar actions. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, manual material handling is a top contributor to more than half a million claims of musculoskeletal disorders in the U.S.

These disorders typically involve sprains and strains to the upper limbs, lower back, and shoulders. They often result in pain or disability, medical expenses, and financial burdens for workers who suffer from them.

These are injuries that usually result from lifting and manual material handling:

Hand Injuries

Any manual handling task will involve the hands, whether you’re lifting, pulling, pushing, or carrying. Depending on what you are handling, it could be dangerous by itself. For example, you could cut your hands if you’re lifting a load with sharp edges or burn your hands when lifting a hot load.

However, hand injuries may also result from putting down a load you’re carrying. For instance, you could bruise or break a finger if you’re putting down a heavy load and failed to get a finger out of the way. Likewise, your fingers could get stuck between the load and a wall or some other nearby obstacle. This is a common occurrence when a group of workers is lifting and moving one heavy load.

Sprains and Strains

Have you ever lifted something and then regretted it right after because it was heavier than you realized? Or maybe because over time, the load became too heavy to carry? This commonly happens in warehouses. But stretching the muscles beyond what they can handle, and doing it over and over again, could result in pain, bruising, and inflammation. Consequently, this can cause sprains and strains in the wrists, arms, shoulders, and back.

Back Injuries

Lifting often leads to back injuries, particularly if workers do not practice proper lifting techniques or are constantly lifting loads that their bodies simply can’t handle. However, workers should also be aware that poor posture could likewise injure their back when they’re carrying a load. Additionally, twisting and stooping could make your back more susceptible to injury. The most common back injuries related to lifting include slipped discs and spine problems.

Musculoskeletal Disorders

These cover a wide array of pain and issues in the back, upper limbs, and lower limbs. They can likewise result in many symptoms that typically develop over time and worsen without early diagnosis and treatment. Most musculoskeletal disorders that develop at work are due to poor manual material handling and lifting practices, specifically, tasks that require workers to:

  • Turn, twist, and bend their necks, backs, and/or torsos.
  • Overstretch their muscles to reach difficult-to-reach areas.
  • Awkward, uneven, and heavy loads, which could include animals, people, tools, boxes, devices, or other inanimate objects.
  • Work in cramped environments with uneven and unstable surfaces or flooring.


Hernias occur when an internal body part pushes against a weak muscle or tissue wall. Repeated strain on the stomach area usually causes hernias. Most cases will require surgery to fix. Likewise, excessive straining by lifting heavy things could cause hernias. Older individuals are also naturally more at risk of developing them.

Foot Injuries

You may not use your feet for lifting, but manual handling can cause foot injuries if workers drop the load they’re carrying on their feet. The risk of injuring your feet is even higher when workers do not wear proper protective footwear. Dropping a load from height, instead of lowering it carefully, and gripping a load incorrectly could all result in bruised, broken, or crushed feet.

Injuries from Slips, Trips, and Falls

Slips, trips, and falls are common workplace injuries, whether or not you’re manually handling or lifting something. While these accidents typically result from something else other than lifting, manual handling could raise the risk of slips, trips, and falls. When you carry something, it might limit your visibility to some degree, and you might not notice the wet floor, pile of cables, or obstacle on the floor. Additionally, the consequences of tripping or falling while carrying a load could be more serious since you can’t use your arms to break the fall or hold on to something.

What to Do If You Suffered a Lifting Injury at Work

The law requires that most employers in the U.S. provide their employees with workers’ compensation insurance. This type of insurance provides injured employees immediate help with wage replacement and medical bills. If you’ve sustained a minor injury at work and have fully recovered from it, you could easily handle filing a workers’ comp claim by yourself.

However, you should consider getting help from an experienced workers’ compensation claim lawyer if you sustained more serious workplace injuries. Keep in mind that while you might work for the best boss and company, it’s the company’s insurance company that will be handling your claim. A lawyer can help safeguard your legal rights, ensure that you receive the right wage benefits and medical treatment, and handle negotiations with the insurance provider.

Furthermore, take note that some workplace injuries might involve the liability of other parties apart from your employer. A lawyer might help you file a third-party claim to seek full compensation for all your losses after a failure of safety equipment, machine malfunctions, and motor vehicle accidents—in addition to the benefits you can receive from your workers’ comp claim.

How to Sue a Doctor for Malpractice

Thousands of patients suffer and die each year due to doctor malpractice. A study by John Hopkins Medicine found that the third most common cause of death in the U.S. is medical errors. Doctors rarely admit to committing a medical error. And some doctors, who may be leaning towards admitting an error, might be scared of violating a cooperation clause found in their medical malpractice insurance. Likewise, for plenty of doctors, their insurance providers prohibit them from admitting that they committed a medical error.

The problem is that doctors do commit medical errors that could sometimes be fatal to patients. If you or a loved one sustained injuries due to a doctor’s negligent actions, you have the legal right to pursue compensation through a medical malpractice claim.

Determine If You Have a Medical Malpractice Claim

Each medical malpractice is different. But, you will need to establish these elements to ensure that you have a valid malpractice claim:

  • You received treatment from a doctor that does not hold up to the medical standard of care.
  • You sustained a serious and verifiable injury that you wouldn’t have otherwise sustained if not for the doctor’s negligence.

Doctors are negligent when they commit something wrong or fail to carry out certain things that other reasonable doctors would have done in similar circumstances.

For example, most medical errors occur due to these negligent actions:

  • Improper Treatment: Doctors who prescribe improper or wrong treatments or medications or improper medicine dosages might be liable for medical malpractice.
  • Failure to Diagnose: Doctors who fail to recognize and diagnose a dangerous medical condition, such as cancer, or make an inaccurate diagnosis might be liable for your damages.
  • Failure to Warn: If you’ve undergone treatment and experienced adverse effects that your doctor failed to warn you about, your doctor might be liable for malpractice.

Check the Statute of Limitations of Your State

All jurisdictions have legal rules that specify deadlines for settling different kinds of injury claims or suing negligent parties. When you miss this deadline, you automatically forfeit your legal right to pursue compensation for your losses. These rules could be very complex because the deadline could greatly differ based on a particular case’s circumstances.

Broadly speaking, these statutes of limitations rules are common:

  • The filing deadline is usually one to two years.
  • The exception, known as the discovery rule, for cases in which patients were not aware or could not have reasonably known that a doctor’s negligence contributed to their injuries.
  • Different deadlines for incapacitated people, minors, and other special groups.
  • An overarching deadline for suing a negligent party, called the statute of repose, which applies regardless of the discovery rule.

Keep Track of All Your Medical Records

Your medical records can serve as evidence to support your medical malpractice claims. You should also consider collecting medical records before the occurrence of the malpractice, even if the records are from other medical providers that are not part of your claim. If your claim goes to court, your medical records will also be necessary during the discovery process.

Make sure to write down a list of all the medical providers you have consulted with or treated you as well as the dates of all medical appointments, diagnostic tests, and hospital admissions. It will be easier for your lawyer to review and gauge the strength of your case if you have this supporting evidence.

Keep track of these documents related to your claim:

  • Tests results
  • Prescriptions
  • Any correspondences with your doctor and their staff
  • Written instructions provided before medical treatments or diagnostic tests
  • Emergency room or hospital discharge paperwork

Document How Your Injuries Changed Your Life

Take note that you are likewise legally entitled to significant compensation for the pain and suffering or emotional distress you’ve had to endure or are still enduring due to a medical error. If you’re able, keeping a journal or diary about your experiences could be very helpful to your claim.

You should list down everything you can remember about your health and symptoms before the malpractice incident.

Following the incident, you can describe in your journal all the harms you suffered, including:

  • Your specific symptoms
  • Pain levels
  • Discovery of the medical error
  • Further medical treatments
  • Sleep, emotional, and psychological disturbances
  • Physical limitations and changes
  • How your daily activities and overall quality of life has been affected

Keep in mind that you are deserving of fair compensation for all aspects of your life that your injuries have negatively affected. This can include your inability to care for your family, home, and/or pets and even the distress and shame you feel because you require help with going to the bathroom and your personal hygiene tasks.

Consider Filing a Complaint with the Medical Board

Upon receiving your complaint, the medical board will need to investigate your doctor. While you won’t receive compensation for this action, if the board finds that your doctor was negligent, they could face hefty fines and revocation of their medical license.

Work with an Experienced Medical Malpractice Lawyer

Medical malpractice cases are expensive, complicated, and could take several years to resolve, depending on the specific facts of the case. Working with the right lawyer for your case will ensure that you receive fair compensation for all your losses. A lawyer with experience in medical malpractice cases will likewise know which experts to hire to strengthen and prove your claim.

For instance, you will need medical experts for:

  • Reviewing your medical records
  • Establishing the proper standard of care fit for your specific situation
  • Determining how your doctor failed to provide you the proper standard of care
  • Identifying the permanence and scope of the injuries you sustained due to the malpractice

In addition, you’ll need financial experts for:

  • Calculating your future lost earnings and lost earning opportunities
  • Determining the future cost of your medical treatments
  • Evaluating how the medical malpractice affected your family financially

Find a medical malpractice lawyer who has the means to advance all the funds required for covering the costs of medical experts, court fees, accountants, discovery costs, and more. While you cannot go back in time and undo the ill effects of a medical malpractice injury, receiving fair compensation will hopefully help you move on with your life.